However, such analyses treat taxa as independent units, while in reality taxa vary in their degree of phylogenetic relatedness and, as a consequence, their morphological and ecological similarity (1, 2).Taking phylogenetic relatedness into consideration enhances our ability to delimit phytogeographical boundaries that characterize functional and biogeographic affinities among forest regions (1, 2, 9, 10).Such understanding will enable anticipation of region-specific responses to global environmental change.Modern phylogenies, in combination with broad coverage of species inventory data, now allow for global biogeographic analyses that take species evolutionary distance into account.Seyfried split from her boyfriend, actor Justin Long, in September after they began dating in 2013.actor, 36, who was once notorious for romancing his costars , told the mag that doing so has worked out in his favor — for the most part.If I were able to go back in time, I don’t know if I could have done anything any different." PHOTOS: Friendly celebrity exes The one regret he has, however, is not working with Christopher Nolan on.Maritz CX moderates all public reviews prior to posting for standard purposes such as: defamatory remarks, profanity, fraud, comments focused on Ford products and not the dealership experience, and inclusion of private information such as customer full name or telephone number.Reviews are not moderated based on star rating or negative/positive comments, and Ford personnel and/or a dealerships cannot request the removal of a negative review.
We compiled a standardized dataset of old-growth tropical forest inventories of angiosperm trees (trunk diameter ≥10 cm) for 406 1° latitude/longitude grid cells (hereafter referred to as “locations”) originally dominated by natural forests across the (sub)tropics (Table S1). To determine the phylogenetic distance between locations, we constructed a dated phylogenetic tree that was resolved to genus level and contained all taxa used for our classification analyses (Dataset S1).
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Despite evidence of long-distance dispersal (1, 3–5), tropical forests maintain conspicuous regional differences in species composition.
For example, only ∼4% of tropical tree species are shared among Africa, America, and Asia (6).