Influenced by the philosophy of Carl Rogers, affective education programs attempt to facilitate the emotional development of children in order to enhance the learning process, particularly focusing on self-esteem.This contrasts with traditional educational paradigms that focus on cognitive, or intellectual, practices such as reading, writing, and arithmetic.Cult in this sense, is a counterfeit or serious deviation from the doctrines of classical Christianity.
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Generally it refers to witchcraft, satanism, neo-paganism, or various forms of Psychic discernment (astrology, seances, palm reading, etc.). New Age is a recent and developing belief system in North America encompassing thousands of autonomous (and sometime contradictory) beliefs, organizations, and events.
Generally the New Age borrows its theology from pantheistic Eastern religions and its practices from 19th century Western occultism. 7 Habits of Highly Effective People: A book by Stephen Covey.
Thus, cult can describe religious leaders or organizations that employ abusive, manipulative, or illegal control over their followers' lives.
In addition to these usages, Christians generally have a doctrinal component to their use of the word.