The bones were buried under (and are therefore older) a layer of ash that resulted from a volcanic eruption dating back to 7000 years BP (Before Present; "present" indicates c. Subsequently, radiocarbon dating, an absolute dating technique, was used to date the bones directly and provided a date of 8250 BP, showing how useful the combined used of relative and absolute dating can be.
Moreover, stratigraphic dating is sometimes based on the objects that are found within the soil strata.
Typology Typology is a method that compares reference objects in order to classify them according to their similarity or dissimilarity and link them to a specific context or period.
Archaeologists have access to various techniques for dating archaeological sites or the objects found on those sites.Indeed, some items whose exact or approximate age is known are called "diagnostic artifacts." Examples of such objects include very specific stone tools, different pottery styles, objects that belong to a specific period (eg, the historic period or the French regime), coins with a production date, or other items bearing a trademark and whose history can be traced in historical records.Their presence on archaeological sites is used to date the soil layers and the objects and events they are associated with and thus contributes to refine the chronology of sites.An initial reading dates the specimen which is then calibrated by considering this date and its correspondence with the measurable level of carbon 14 stored over time in the growth rings of certain tree species, including redwood and pine bristol.The results of radiocarbon dating are expressed in years and include a time range (eg, 630± 60 BP).This approach helps to order events chronologically but it does not provide the absolute age of an object expressed in years.Relative dating includes different techniques, but the most commonly used are soil stratigraphy analysis and typology.Radiocarbon Dating Radiocarbon dating is the most widely used dating technique in archaeology.It relies on a natural phenomenon that is the foundation of life on earth.Subsequently, the calibration of that date provides a time interval where the event or object being dated can be situated (eg, 1275-1425 AD).Radiocarbon dating, however, can only be used for dating objects that are less than 50 000 years.