Most lesbian, gay, bisexual, (LGB) youth are happy and thrive during their adolescent years.
Having a school that creates a safe and supportive learning environment for all students and having caring and accepting parents are especially important.
According to the 2015 YRBS, LGB students were 140% (12% v.
5%) more likely to not go to school at least one day during the 30 days prior to the survey because of safety concerns, compared with heterosexual students.
Not all youth will develop substance abuse problems, even if they have experienced these risk factors.
Some individuals are exposed to protective factors that may keep them from using substances.
Parental rejection has been linked to depression, use of drugs and alcohol, and risky sexual behavior among teens.
To be supportive, parents should talk openly and supportively with their teen about any problems or concerns.
Positive parenting practices, such as having honest and open conversations, can help reduce teen health risk behaviors.
More Resources for Parents to Help Them Better Understand and Respond to the Needs of LGBTQ Adolescents More research is needed to better understand the associations between parenting and the health of LGB youth.
The following are research-based steps parents can take to support the health and well-being of their LGB teen: Talk and listen.
For youth to thrive in schools and communities, they need to feel socially, emotionally, and physically safe and supported.
A positive school climate has been associated with decreased depression, suicidal feelings, substance use, and unexcused school absences among LGB students.