However, according to Berk, a faculty member of Yalova University's Islamic Studies Faculty Turkish Islamic Art History Department, the script used on the pages of the Quran belong to the Umayyad era (661 to 750), meaning that it cannot be the oldest copy of the Quran.Berk insisted that the pages could not belong to the era of third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan, or earlier.The pages of the Muslim holy text are said to have been kept with a collection of other Middle Eastern books and documents and remained unrecognised in the university library for almost a century.
The Muslim World would surely want back that which was only made possible by British colonialism? These are questions and debates which are likely to arise, but for now excuse me as a wipe away the tear in my eye. The pages, written in Hejazi Arabic script, were found by a doctoral student in the Middle Eastern books and transcripts archive in the university library.When they were carbon tested, the pages were found to be 1,370 years old.They could well take us back to within a few years of the actual founding of Islam." "According to Muslim tradition, the Prophet Muhammad received the revelations that form the Koran, the scripture of Islam, between the years 610 and 632, the year of his death." Dr Muhammad Isa Waley, the British Library's expert on such manuscripts, said: "This is an exciting discovery." Researchers said the manuscript was among the earliest written textual evidence of the Koran known to survive.It is part of the university’s Mingana Collection of Middle Eastern manuscripts, held in the Cadbury Research Library.But when a Ph D researcher studied the two parchment leaves, she concluded that they should be properly examined.The tests, carried by the Oxford University Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit, placed the leaves close to the time of the Prophet Muhammad, who is generally thought to have lived between AD 570 and 632, with around 95 per cent accuracy.Despite being so old, upon examination it has been found to be identical to the in print Quran today.The ancient Quran is part of the Mingana Collection which is a collection of Arabian manuscripts collected in the 1920s.This raises the possibility that this could have been written by one of the Prophet’s companions.The Quran was compiled and checked thoroughly by the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) and these standard checked copies survived the Caliphates of Abu Bakr and Umar.