“We also found the donkeys’ stable,” Ben Yosef adds.“Luxury-grade fabric adorned the highly skilled, highly respected craftsmen managing the copper furnaces,” said Ben-Yosef. “They were responsible for smelting the copper, which was a very complicated process.”]The archaeologists also recently discovered thousands of seeds of the Biblical “Seven Species” at the site — the two grains and five fruits considered unique products of the Land of Israel. b) What textiles were found at the Timna copper mines? We have never found textile samples in Jerusalem, nor are we likely to.”The Timna textiles found were of three types: most was made of sheep’s wool, and some was made of goat hair, and fine linen.The goat hair textile was left undyed, while the sheep’s wool textiles were characterized by delicate striping.Erez Ben-Yosef – revealed the 3,000-year-old collection of textiles, which included diverse colors, design and origin, the university announced on Wednesday.The area of the dig, located between the Dead Sea and Eilat, is believed by some researchers to be the site of King Solomon’s mines.“The arid condition of the mines has seen the remarkable preservation of 3,000-year-old organic materials, including seeds, leather and fabric, and other extremely rare artifacts that provide a unique window into the culture and practices of this period,” the university said.
“The extreme aridity at Timna preserves organic remains that couldn’t have been preserved anywhere else, not at Megiddo or Lachish or Hatzor, and not even anywhere else in the Arava Valley.”According to the bible, the copper mines at Timna were operated by Edomites, who had become subjected to Jerusalem after King David’s conquests.They were of an unexpectedly high quality, equivalent in their weaving to fabrics made a thousand years later by the Romans, said the surprised archaeologists.An excavation team has uncovered 3000-year-old textiles in Israel’s Arava Valley, dating back to the era of Kings David and Solomon.We can reconstruct wine typical of King David’s era, for example, and understand the cultivation and domestication processes that have been preserved in the DNA of the seeds.”Copper, he noted, was considered an invaluable resource in ancient societies, and was used to produce tools and weapons.However, its production required many levels of expertise.“Miners in ancient Timna may have been slaves or prisoners; theirs was a simple task performed under difficult conditions,” Ben-Yosef said.“But the act of smelting, of turning stone into metal, required an enormous amount of skill and organization.They were responsible for smelting the copper, which was a very complicated process.”The TAU archeologists also recently discovered thousands of seeds from the biblical “Seven Species” at the site – the two grains and five fruits considered to be indigenous to Israel.Some of the seeds were subjected to radiocarbon dating, providing robust confirmation for the age of the site.“This is the first time seeds from this period have been found uncharred and in such large quantities,” Ben-Yosef said.“With the advancement of modern science, we now enjoy research options that were unthinkable a few decades ago.Thank you, Ronit Hasin-Hochman, CEO, Jerusalem Post Group Yaakov Katz, Editor-in-Chief UPGRADE YOUR JPOST EXPERIENCE FOR 5$ PER MONTH Show me later Don't show it again In an unprecedented discovery, Tel Aviv University archeologists recently uncovered an extensive collection of ancient fabrics in the Arava Valley dating back to the era of King David, shedding unparalleled light on the historical fashions of the Holy Land.The excavation – carried out at the ancient copper mines of Timna, and led by TAU’s Dr.Unlike many other news organizations, we have not put up a paywall.We want to keep our journalism open and accessible and be able to keep providing you with news and analyses from the frontlines of Israel, the Middle East and the Jewish World.